Periodontal-or gum-disease is an infection that affects the gums and jaw bone, which can lead to a loss of gums and teeth. There are two major stages — gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the milder and reversible form of the infection; periodontitis is often more severe.
Gum disease usually comes as a result of the buildup of plaque and tartar on the teeth and gums. The bacteria that make up plaque and tartar produce toxins that can irritate the gums. This irritation can lead to redness, swelling, and even bleeding—early signs of gum disease. With prolonged treatment, these symptoms can advance to more serious symptoms, such as gum tissue recession.
Fortunately, there are a number of periodontal treatments that can help treat both minor and severe cases of gum disease. Non-surgical gum treatments include Scaling and Root Planing (Deep Cleaning), which are performed under local anesthesia and used to remove hardened plaque and tartar above and below the gumline.
In some cases, additional microbial therapy is required to effectively treat any contaminated areas. These procedures are used to eliminate bacteria in deep gingival pockets that produce acids that cause decay and gum disease. In advanced cases, gum surgery may be required to reverse the effects of gum disease.
If you’re experiencing any of the above-mentioned symptoms of gum disease, please contact our office so we can perform a thorough exam and provide you with prompt periodontal treatment if necessary. We want you to maintain a happy, healthy smile!